Which Wildlifes are Found in Sundarban?

post

Which Wildlifes are Found in Sundarban?

The Sundarban is a vast mangrove forest located in the delta of the Bay of Bengal and is a natural wonder that supports an incredibly diverse array of wildlife. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is not only famous for it’s beautiful beauty but also for it’s unique and complex ecosystem. Animals found in the Sundarbans play an important role in maintaining the ecological balance of this fragile ecosystem. There are many wildlife animals, birds, and reptiles available in Sundarban that attract tourists from all over the world. Some of them are discussed below:-

  • The Royal Bengal Tiger - One of the most iconic inhabitants of the Sundarbans is the Royal Bengal Tiger. These majestic predators are apex predators and help control the population of herbivores, ensuring the health of the ecosystem. Their presence indicates a thriving environment and acts as an indicator of the overall well-being of the mangrove forest. Sundarban National Park was developed as a tiger reserve area where tigers can live safely and freely. They are hunting freely in the forest as the National Park is developed by the binding of a huge area of mangrove forest. Tourists can watch them safely from a safe distance by following all the government’s guidelines.
     
  • Crocodile - Estuarine crocodile is another important species of Sundarbans. These top predators are important in controlling populations of small aquatic organisms, and maintaining balance in aquatic food chains. Their presence also indicates the health of wetland ecosystems. Apart from this, it gives entertainment to the tourists. Sometimes swimming crocodiles are seen in the river and canals in the Sundarban.
     
  • Olive Ridley - Mangrove terrapins and olive ridley sea turtles are essential to the marine ecosystem of the Sundarbans. They play an important role in regulating the populations of various marine vertebrates, which contribute to the overall balance of the ecosystem. In addition, their nesting activity aids in nutrient cycling on sandbanks.
     
  • Spotted Deer - Spotted deer and wild boar are two common herbivores found in the Sundarbans. They help to maintain vegetation by grazing on various plants, preventing overgrowth, and promoting biodiversity. Their presence directly affects the health of the mango forest. Sometimes deer are seen in the canal side of Sundarban with a beautiful scenario.
     
  • Birds of different species - Bird diversity is also a hallmark of the Sundarbans. From kingfishers and herons to white-tailed sea eagles, the birdlife here is incredibly rich. These birds act as indicators of the environmental health of the region and help control insect populations, playing a role in controlling disease vectors. Many birds come to Sundarban from abroad seasonally. More than 500 species of birds are available in Sundarban. The scenario of the birds in the forest looks like a multi-colored flower from the bird-watching tower.
     
  • Fishes - It is very important to mention the role of Sundarban mango tree itself. The complex root systems of these trees act as a buffer against storm surges and coastal erosion. They also provide a habitat for many fish and crustacean species, which form the base of the food chain for many large animals.

 In conclusion, the Sundarbans is a treasure trove of biodiversity, and its inhabitants play a vital role in maintaining the intricate balance of this unique ecosystem, from the mighty Bengal tiger to tiny marine life. Conservation efforts must be a priority to ensure the survival of these animals and the continued health of the Sundarbans for future generations. So, you should not miss a chance to make a Sundarban trip at least once a year. Positively, your mind will be refreshed in a short period.